“The prevalence of hernias increases with age, particularly for inguinal, umbilical, and femoral hernias. The likelihood of strangulation and need for hospitalization also increase with aging. Strangulation, the most common serious complication of a hernia”.
The term Hernia is derived from the Latin word for rupture, it is defined as an abnormal protrusion of an organ or tissue through a defect in its surrounding walls, and these defects most commonly involve the abdominal wall, particularly the inguinal region. In broad terms, most abdominal wall hernias can be separated into inguinal and ventral hernias. Hernias are a common health problem, it is estimated that 5% of the population will develop an abdominal wall hernia in their lifetime.
These sites most commonly include the inguinal, femoral and umbilical areas, the linea alba (midline of the abdomen) and sites of prior surgical incisions.
INTESTINE PROTRUDING THROUGH HERNIA DEFECT
CAUSES OF HERNIAS:
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