• Gallstones (Cholelithiasis)
Gallstones are an extremely common condition, arising in approximately 10 to 36% of the adult population in the United States and, as such, pose an important public health problem. The factors that contribute to the development of this disease are:
- Female sex
- Obesity (BMI* over 30)
- Fatty foods
- Crohn´s disease
- Gastric surgery
- Rapid weight loss
- First degree relatives with gallstones
Symptoms can be resumed in biliary colic which refer to the presence of moderate intermittent right upper quadrant and epigastric pain (upper right and central areas of the abdomen) that may radiate to back or below right scapula, it usually begins abruptly and subsides gradually lasting for minutes to hours.
Complications related to gallstones include acute cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis with or without cholangitis, gallstone pancreatitis, gallstone ileus and gallbladder carcinoma.
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